Various ethnicities and cultures squeezed to fit within Soviet standards for almost 27 years old. It is not by chance that today the differences explode between the ex-Soviet republics. Of the 15 independent states that emerged with the dissolution of the USSR, six exchange aggressions with each other at the moment, in addition to constant tensions in two others.
Russia’s failure to invade Ukraine, which extends the war for almost seven months, with the impossibility of the Russians being more present in other territories in the region, also encourage new conflicts. President Vladimir Putin’s tsarist strategy may, in fact, have weakened Russia like no other has done in the country’s command.
In January, just under a month before the invasion of neighboring country, Leonid Ivachov, a renowned Russian military man, created a statement signed by members of the General Assembly of Russian officers, stating that attacking Ukraine was “crazy”. According to Ivachov, it was necessary to remove Putin, as he could “destroy definitively the Russian state”. The soldier and his colleagues are not the only ones to perceive the risks for the Russian Federation and also for the Soviet memory.
“History will judge, but perhaps Putin remains as the man who, in wanting to restore a past splendor, it will have finally lost all of that past”, pointed out Thierry Wolton, an expert on communism and the Soviet Union, writer of a trilogy on the subject, to the French newspaper Le Figaro.
In addition to the historical physical and ideological combats in Georgia and Moldova, and the Russian invasion of Ukraine, other confrontations arise or are reorganized in countries that were part of the former Soviet Union. In Wolton’s terms, these are states that were “colonized by the Soviet empire”.
Moldova and Georgia fear being next targets
Moldova, self-declared independent republic since 1991, he still has a region in conflict, Transnistria, with whom he had a brief war in 1992, and which became a pro-Russian territory. Since the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Moldova has faced an increase in attacks and fears being Putin’s next target.
South Ossetia was the center of a war between Russia and Georgia in 1991. In August of that year, Russian forces invaded Georgia, which was then facing a pro-Russian militia. After the confrontation, the Russian government recognized the breakaway regions of Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent states. The two territories remain under Russian military control, which has been weakened in the region since the invasion of Ukraine.
The war that broke out in February this year encouraged both Moldova and Georgia to formalize the application for membership. to the European Union and NATO, creating an even greater distance from Russian imperialist principles.
Separatist conflicts in the Federation Russian
There are also territories that are part of Russia, although some are autonomous republics. Formed by 60 members, of whom 15 republics, the Russian Federation is what remains of the former Soviet Union, and its districts are mainly concentrated in the North Caucasus, in the area between the Volga River and the Ural Mountains and in the region of Lake Baikal. All these territories are subject to the Russian Constitution, despite having their own languages and different cultural manifestations.
The protagonist of the separatist movements is Chechnya. The historic conflict dates back to World War II, when communist leader Josef Stalin accused the independent republic of collaborating with the Germans. Disputes went on for decades, and in the years 1990, Russia attacked twice the territory during separation attempts.
The territory is considered an autonomous region, with a republic constituted, but still belonging to Russian territory. Now led by Ramzan Kadyrov, of the United Russia party, tempers have calmed down politically in the region, despite the separatist force persisting in civil society.
Dagestan has also become one of the most dangerous autonomous republics, with frequent bomb attacks, especially aimed at political authorities.
Other autonomous republics are not in any war at the moment, but ideological conflicts and lack of unity with Putin’s culture and command become increasingly evident, such as Chukotka, a Jewish territory open to the Arctic and Pacific oceans, and Yakutia, which is close to the polar circle, has three million square meters and represents 1/6 of the territory of the Russian Federation.
Big budget, small result