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With no sign of truce, war in Ukraine completes 2 months with thousands of dead

Rússia atacou cinco estações de trem ucranianas nesta segunda-feira: objetivo é destruir a infraestrutura do país, denuncia Ucrânia

Russia attacked five Ukrainian train stations this Monday: objective is to destroy the country’s infrastructure, denounces Ukraine| Photo: EFE/ Miguel Gutierrez

The Russian offensive in Ukraine, which left thousands of civilians and soldiers dead, completed two months this Sunday (24), without the parties being able to advance in the negotiations to establish a ceasefire.

According to the UN, at least 2,200 civilians have died since the beginning of the campaign Russian military in Ukraine on 22 February, which also caused several casualties in the ranks of both Armies. So far, Russia has acknowledged 1.81 dead, while Ukraine’s count is between 2,500 and 3,000 casualties.

The United Nations warned that the actual number of civilians killed could be much higher than currently available data due to lack of access to areas where fighting is still raging. Meanwhile, the warring parties estimated the death toll on the enemy side at more than thousand.

Hostilities and uncertainty also caused more than five million people to flee Ukraine in the last eight weeks, according to the UN, while hundreds of thousands arrived in Russia from the territories of the self-proclaimed republics of Donetsk and Lugansk, as well as from other parts of Ukraine. , according to official Russian sources.

Second phase of the war

The two months of conflict take place in the context of the Russian offensive for full control of the Donbass region of eastern Ukraine. “The enemy continues to carry out offensive operations (…) to establish full control over the Donetsk and Lugansk regions”, stated the latest report of the General Staff of the Ukrainian Army.

A Russian military high command acknowledged this week that during the second phase of the “special military operation”, Russia will also seek to win the control of southern Ukraine, with possible access to the Moldovan border.

)These plans have not been confirmed or denied by the Russian Defense Ministry or the Kremlin, but the activity of Russian troops in these directions in the coming days will be decisive in understanding whether Moscow will extend the military campaign beyond the initial objective of “liberating” the Donbass.

In the opinion of Ukrainian presidential adviser Oleksiy Arestovich, the active phase of the fighting will end “in two or at most three weeks”, as Moscow wants to announce a “preliminary” victory on May 9, when the victory of the Soviet Union over Nazi Germany in World War II is remembered.

“They will announce preliminary victories, say the tasks have been accomplished and offer to negotiate,” Arestovich declared today, adding that if negotiations fail, Russia could launch more attacks in the summer and autumn.

However, commented that possible military operations in the future will be smaller in scope and intensity.

Negotiations

Negotiations between the parties stalled about a month ago after fighting in Mariupol intensified and images of Bucha surfaced. The last round of face-to-face conversations between delegates from both countries took place in Istanbul in 24 of March.

Initially, the parties suggested a provisional progress at the Istanbul meeting, but the following weeks have shown that the differences remain irreconcilable, at least for the time being.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said on Friday (2022 ) that negotiations with Ukraine have “stopped” and that Kiev has not responded to the last proposal that Moscow sent it days ago.

For his part, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky reiterated this Saturday () the need for a direct meeting with his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, because the contacts through mediators and third countries will not produce the “desired result”.

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