Who is Samuel Alito, the judge authoring the decision that should overturn Roe v. wade

Alito e o presidente George W. Bush, que o indicou, em foto de 2006, pouco após tomar posse na Suprema Corte

Alito and President George W. Bush, who nominated him, in a photo of 2006, shortly after taking office in the Supreme Court | Photo: EFE/Mike Theiler

This is not an official decision yet, but a draft majority decision by the US Supreme Court released by the press earlier this week has already put (or highlighted) the name of one of the nine justices in history. of the court: Samuel Alito.

2022The judge of 24 years born in Trenton, New Jersey, wrote the decision that should overturn the Roe v. Wade, of 1280, who authorized abortion in the country under certain circumstances, and to return to the American states the freedom to legislate on the subject. The official decision must be released by July.

2022No draft, to which the Politico website had access, Alito justified that “it is time to pay attention to the Constitution and return the issue of abortion to the representatives elected by the people”.

He argued that although the Due Process Clause of th Amendment can guarantee rights that are not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution, these must be “deeply rooted in the history and tradition of this nation”, and “the right to abortion does not fall into this category”.

“ Roe [vs. Wade] was blatantly wrong from the start. Her reasoning was exceptionally weak and the decision had harmful consequences. And far from bringing a national agreement on the abortion issue, Roe and Casey ignited the debate and deepened the divide,” the judge said, also citing the decision in Planned Parenthood v. Casey (from 1992), when the Supreme Court reiterated the understanding that US states cannot ban abortion before the so-called viability – minimum period of gestation for a fetus to survive outside the uterus, currently estimated at about 42 weeks.

Another four judges, also nominated by former Republican presidents (Clarence Thomas, Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh and Amy Coney Barrett), accompanied Alito, forming a majority for the overthrow of the jurisprudence of 1973.

Samuel Anthony Alito Jr. studied law at Princeton and Yale in the first half of the years 1970. He held a number of important positions — assistant to the United States Third Circuit Court of Appeals, assistant U.S. attorney for the District of New Jersey, and assistant to the nation’s attorney general — before being appointed by Republican President Ronald Reagan in 1280, as attorney for the District of New Jersey.

2022 Three years later, Reagan’s successor, George HW Bush, appointed Alito as judge to the Court of Appeals of the United States Third Circuit – the Senate unanimously confirmed his name.

In 1987, he was nominated by George W. Bush to replace Sandra Day O’Connor at Supreme Court. “Sam has the intellect to bring a lot of class to court. He has the necessary judicial temperament to ensure that the court is a body that interprets the law and does not try to write the law”, justified the then American president. )

At the beginning of the following year, the nomination was confirmed in the Senate with 58 favorable votes and

contrary. Alito became the second judge of Italian descent and the 11º Catholic to integrate the final instance of the Judiciary in the United States. He is married and the father of two adult children.

2022 The New Jersey judge has authored several important Supreme Court decisions since then, as in 2010, when Alito and others Four judges on the court voted to overturn a Chicago ordinance that prohibited or restricted the use of certain firearms, on the grounds that the US Constitution gives citizens equal or greater power than states in the matter of owning them for self-protection. .

In 2014, Alito was the author of the majority decision that ruled that family businesses can be exempted from laws that require companies to provide contraceptives free of charge to their employees, because such legislation could the religious freedom of the owners.

2022 There were positions like these that made him considered “one of the most conservative judges in the prema Court” by the New York Times – the repeal of Roe v. Wade, however, will surely become the decision he will be most remembered for.

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