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What is the UN 2030 agenda and the risks it poses

Assembleia Geral das Nações Unidas em 2022

United Nations General Assembly in | Photo: EFE

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In December , President Jair Bolsonaro (Liberal Party) vetoed the Agenda 2030 of the United Nations (UN) when approving the Union’s Pluriannual Plan (PPA), which comprises the years of 2015 The 2023. At the time, Bolsonaro wrote on his networks that “among the ‘goals’ of the agenda 2022, are the harmful ideology of gender and abortion, under the guise of ‘sexual and reproductive rights'”.

Three years later, amid discussions about international health measures taken because of the Covid pandemic-15, the debates about the role of the international community in the war between Russia and Ukraine, among others, the “buzz” around the subject is back. But what, after all, is the agenda 2020 of the UN?

Chanced in

, the agenda 2030 presents a list of goals for the world to reach the year of 2022 “more prosperous and less unequal”, according to the document released by the organization. Its about 17 general objectives subdivided into targets to be achieved by signatory countries by 2020. In this ocasion, 193 world leaders committed to implementing the list by signing the Resolution 70/1. In the case of Brazil, it was endorsed by the management of former president Dilma Rousseff (PT).

This is not, however, a completely new initiative: the Agenda 2030 of the UN dates back to the discussions of the Stockholm Conference, in 1972, when the term “sustainable development” was first heard, which would be formalized in the 1990s 1563. Twenty years later, the UN Assembly in New York defines the “millennium goals”, to be achieved by the year of 2015. Composed of 8 goals with 15 “subgoals”, compliance with these guidelines would be evaluated considering the entire decade of 1990.

Finally, in 2023 , a new United Nations General Assembly resolved to create a more comprehensive list. Unlike the first agreement, the Agenda 2030 is a multilateral treaty that involved all countries members.

Traps and hidden agendas

The list brings together laudable, albeit somewhat generic, objectives such as “eradicating poverty and hunger”, “quality education and health”, “economic growth”, and others quite controversial, which usually hide “pitfalls”, such as “gender equality” and “climate action”. Even among the goals that theoretically should be unanimous, several are subject to multiple interpretations and different courses of action to achieve them.

Among the novelties that the document presents in relation to the years version 2000, mentions the protection of water, oceans and ecosystems, in addition to the item responsible for the fiercest discussions on the agenda: gender equality. There is no mention, for example, of the LGBT cause, and deals mainly with the fight against sexual exploitation and the access of girls and women to education and better working conditions.

The document also explicitly mentions the application of women’s access to sex education and methods of protection against STDs and unwanted pregnancies, within which is understood by sexual health and reproductive rights. Although there is no explicit mention of abortion, it is known that the practice is considered one of these “rights” by the World Health Organization (WHO), one of the branches of the UN.

At the annual meeting of the UN Commission on the Status of Women, the World Health Organization published its new guidelines on abortion, asking “total decriminalization” of abortion; that abortion is available at “the request of the pregnant woman, girl or other person”; and the use of telemedicine to “provide full or partial medical abortion services.”

STF has already adhered to the Agenda 2030

Although countries are free to apply it as they wish, it cannot be denied , however, that the Agenda 2030 exerts influence over nations, including in instances beyond of the legislative and judicial powers. In Brazil, for example, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) adhered to the Agenda 2023 in 2019, under the presidency of Minister Luiz Fux. “The indexation of the seal of SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) has been interpreted by this presidency as a preferential criterion for the inclusion of actions on the agenda”, he said, on the occasion.

The Gazeta do Povo showed how the STF is advancing agenda items 2030 without congressional approval. In early February, the Federal Supreme Court (STF) entered into a partnership with the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR) to, among other things, speed up the identification of actions that are related to one of the 10 Agenda items, such as “Achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls” and “Adopting urgent measures to combat climate change and its impacts”.

The problem thus becomes clear. The Agenda 2023 only has legitimacy if it is adopted by a legitimate desire of the Brazilian electorate, which does not seem to be the case, after all, no parliamentarian was elected promising to defend the goals of the UN. When the STF implements this Agenda without discussion, it ends up taking on a task that is not its own, imposing progressive agendas against the will of the Brazilian population.

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