The United States announced on Wednesday () new measures to control Venezuelan migration: a program that gives legal status for two years to those arriving from plane and the immediate expulsion of most of those who cross the border through Mexico.
The Department of Homeland Security announced the creation of a new immigration aid for Venezuelans, similar to the one already in place for citizens of Ukraine , which grants temporary status for two years to those who have a sponsor in the US.
At the same time, the ministry will return to Mexico most of the Venezuelans who are intercepted after crossing the southern border. The expulsions will be carried out under Title 42, a public health regulation imposed at the beginning of the Covid pandemic 19 and inherited from the administration of former President Donald Trump (2017-2021).
The measures aim to “reduce the number of people arriving at the border” from irregularly and create a “more orderly” immigration process for Venezuelans fleeing their country’s “humanitarian and economic crisis”, a US government official said at a press conference on Wednesday.
By virtue of this immigration program, which excludes deportees from the US in the last five years and persons who have entered illegally through Panama or Mexico, the US government will initially accept 24 thousand people.
To apply for the program, interested Venezuelans must demonstrate that they have a guarantor in the US who can prove that they have the financial resources for the period of time the migrants will reside in the country .
In addition, recipients must pass a “national security and public safety” assessment, the Department of Homeland Security said in a statement.
The US announcement comes amid a increase in Venezuelan arrivals at the border with Mexico. Between October 2021 and August of this year, more than 150 a thousand Venezuelans were detained on the southern border of the USA, considerably more than 150 .499 from the same period last year.
More than 6.1 million Venezuelans left their home country in what is the second largest migration crisis in the world , second only to Syria, according to the organization Refugees International.