Manuel Ferreira de Araújo Guimarães, the patriot

The Bahian Manuel Ferreira de Araújo Guimarães was born in the city of Salvador in 1777. Little or nothing is known about his origins; it is known, however, that, after completing his preparatory studies, in 22, the young man immigrated to Portugal in order to continue his your training. There, he graduated from the Royal Navy Academy and began an activity that would accompany him throughout his life: that of a translator of scientific books. Back in Brazil in 1805 and installed in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Guimarães became a teacher at the Navy and Military Academies (1809-1823), served as a member of the board of directors of the Royal Print, inaugurated in

, was a constituent deputy, poet, prolific translator and writer.

His great contribution to Brazil, which was becoming independent, came, however, from his activity of editor. Between 1813 and 1814, the Bahian directed the most prestigious cultural magazine of the Johannine period, The Patriot: literary, political, mercantile newspaper, &c. from Rio de Janeiro – whose title was “I am only happy about this glory, that my land and my people are loved” ––, he was also a writer for Gazeta do Rio January (1813-1822) and Senate Diary (1826). Guimarães died in his homeland in 1838.

In the process of Independence, the Bahian edited the periodical

O Espelho

, which many consider the newspaper “mainstay” of the Brazilian cause. The article we reproduce today, published in May 1822, provides a long description of the important trip that the Prince Regent, D. Pedro, made through the Province of Minas Gerais, between April and May of 1822, a journey along which the Prince, according to historian Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen, would have completely “naturalized Brazilian”.

Travel through Minas Gerais

Having seen several letters from this province retain some particularities of the trip that HRH, the Prince Regent, undertook and so heroically performed for the benefit and for tranquility of those peoples, it seems to us that we should offer the reader what is most notable in the following extract.

It was known in Mariana, Wednesday, April 3, that HRH the Prince Regent , was in Minas, the most excellent lord Bishop, who in all the critical circumstances of that province managed the affairs with the greatest prudence and firmness, for the sake of the union and happiness of Brazil and Portugal, immediately sent on Holy Thursday the reverend Dr. Marcos Antônio Monteiro de Barros, Archdeacon-President of the chapter and provisional vicar general of the bishopric, to once again protest his obedience and fidelity to the same august Lord, not being able to do so personally due to the indispensable duty of consecrated the oils on that day. He was accompanied by the deputy of the Chamber, Dr. Luiz José de Godoy Torres, the oldest councilor, and both, on the 6th, presented themselves to the SAR, next to the Capela dos Olhos d’água, parish of Prado, term of Queluz, district of São João d’El Rei, 22 leagues away from the metropolis, where they carried out their commission, being welcomed by our young Augusto with the greater affability, with which he expressed the great esteem and contemplation in which the venerable prelate of Mariana held.

From São João d’El Rei to Vila Rica, HRH had the satisfaction of witnessing the fidelity of many soldiers from a certain militia regiment of the Vila Rica Chamber, who, knowing that they were called by their superior to be forced to receive ammunition for an infamous object, which it is not worth remembering, went to witness their humble feelings, protesting to him that they could not, nor did they want to have another Regent other than SAR, who benignly received them, promising them his real protection.

N one cannot fail to express the name of the honorable José Coelho de Oliveira Duarte, Captain Mór added to the Village of Queluz, who with an innumerable crowd of people went to prostrate themselves at his royal feet, asking for his single Regency, and who wanted nothing but the government of one, and that it was the same lord, to which SAR replied that it could not be, because it was constitutional, but that everything was provided for the good government and happiness of the peoples. In Vila Real de Queluz, leagues away from Vila Rica, on the 8th of April, Dr. . Manoel Inácio de Souza e Mello and retired colonel José Ferreira Pacheco, members and deputies of the provisional government of Vila Rica, Minas Gerais – from where they left at 3:00 a.m., because they had been delayed for certain sinister reasons which we are now silent on –, which they were received by HRH, although with the greatest possible clemency, however, with dignity and firmness, which made them and all the bystanders who were not in the same situation tremble. From Queluz he gave SAR, as a result of the real news he had there, the provisions already announced and went to Vila Rica, staying overnight in Capão do Lana, leagues away from Vila Rica.

From here he sent to the honorable and faithful Colonel João Luciano de Souza Guerra the respective orders for the arrest of Lieutenant Colonel José Maria Pinto, which he , with the greatest courage and fidelity, exactly fulfilled, despite the obstacle and dangers that opposed him.

In Capão do Lana Lieutenant Colonel José Maria Pinto presented himself to the SAR, who, protesting the respect and obedience that it owed, deserved the most prodigious effects of HRH’s incomparable clemency

However, in Vila Rica, everything was disorder and dread. It is necessary to leave in silence those who motivated it and those who walked in the shadow of the banner of the Chamber, with the chamberlains, prostituting the respect due to such a serious corporation, setting people on fire for the most sacrilegious of attacks, enticing the militias, whose individuals, for the most On the other hand, although they could not resist force, however, in spirit and heart, they were very faithful to the SAR, whose feelings, however, were not the new battalion of hunters, illegally created, composed of the robbers’ relay.

The intrepid and Augusto Regente, despite knowing everything, with the greatest courage went to Vila Rica, having previously received, with the dignity appropriate to his real person, new deputies of the provisional government of the province, who in As a result of his orders, they were presented to him.

We cannot fail to make the public see the obedience of José Maria Pinto, who, on the orders of the SAR, appeared in Vila Rica and, taking off his hat in the face of the whole troop, cried out in a loud voice: “Long live the Fr. Prince Regent of Brazil, Mr. Pedro de Alcântara”, with which everything calmed down. At 6 o’clock in the afternoon, the SAR entered triumphantly, applauded by all the people, generally recognized as Prince Regent of the Kingdom of Brazil, and dismounting with all gallantry in the Church of São Miguel, at the beginning of the village, he was received under the canopy and led to the parish church of Nossa Senhora do Pilar do Ouro Preto, where the Te Deum was sung, which he accompanied with the clergy; and thence he retired on foot to the palace by triumphal arches, prepared in the midst of the same disorder by the intrepid majority of its inhabitants, and with the same cheering applause. The village was lit up that night, not with the desired alignment, because many of its inhabitants had fled to the mountains and others had refocused on their homes; but in the following days the lighting was very bright. That same day, the Bishop of Mariana had gone out to wait in Vila Rica for HRH, but arriving at Água Limpa, at the beginning of the village, he turned back full of regret and tears, convinced that HRH would not enter that day. His Excellency returned the next day and presented himself to him with several canons and ecclesiastics in ceremonial habits, and was received with the coat due to his worthiness and fidelity, making HRH the honor of his entourage to order a lavish and splendid dinner.

The SAR decided to go to Mariana on the 7th of April, which he was unable to do because he had a stopover from Rio de Janeiro on that day, and he did so on the 8th, the day of Senhora dos Prazeres, which it was a real pleasure for that city. There, at 7 in the morning, the Most Excellency Bishop presented himself with the capitular body, several parish priests, clergy and seminarians next to the first house in the city, next to the Church of Saint Peter, where in the form of the Roman Pontifical he kissed the cross to HRH , who, as soon as he saw him, dismounted; and the ceremonies of the Church having been carried out, with all religion and respect, he placed himself under the canopy, whose rods were carried by the president and current councilors, dressed in the richest gala, putting his Excellency to one side of the procession with the chapter, clergy and seminarians, forming the most extensive and shining procession, singing hymns and psalms.

It is impossible to describe, and it is even incredible, the effusion of joy that overflowed in everyone. The people continually shouted: “Long live our Prince Regent and our liberator, let the provisional die.”

Next to the Church of the Archconfraternity of São Francisco, a forest was pretended with branches, from whose In the center emerged a young man, dressed as an Indian, who, breaking a bow and arrows, sweetly wounded the attention of HRH The clergy who composed the procession sang the psalms more with tears of tenderness than with voices. The streets were strewn with flowers and leaves as far as the cathedral, at whose door His Most Reverend Excellency sprinkled it with customary sprinkling and chanted the Te Deum , heading to the chapel of the Blessed Sacrament. , from where they went to the chancel; and there SAR accompanied the choir, everything being done with the greatest decency and harmony, the cathedral being armed with all the wealth. After the prayers, His Excellency launched the pontifical blessing, which HRH received with both knees on the ground.

After this action, HRH, refusing the carriage that was offered to him, proceeded from there on foot to the Episcopal Palace, which is a long way away. Accompanied by the Most Excellency Bishop, capitular body in canonical habit, clergy, military and people; all the windows of the city streets, through which SAR passed, were decorated with quilts and from all of them the ladies threw clouds of flowers. The repeated and continued applause of the people, the peals of all the bells gave Mariana the most beautiful spectacle she has ever seen, and those who witnessed it could not express it. The HRH retired to the Episcopal Palace, and since then royal, he first kissed the Most Excellency Bishop, then the chapter, the Chamber and, finally, everyone. There he dined alone, being served with all respect and the greatest delicacy. After that, the Most Excellency Bishop had dinner with the entire entourage, and HRH went back to sleep in Vila Rica, leaving the inhabitants very unhappy for not staying there overnight. Two days later, the HRH returned to relieve the homesickness of those of his subjects and to honor his Reverend Excellency again, having dinner at the Palace, but he did not spend the night. His Excellency, by special favor, bade farewell to that virtuous prelate on the day 19, for whose mercy his Excellency went to kiss his hand in the day 11, with several members of the chapter who said goodbye to him full of gratitude and nostalgia.

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