World

Italy warns of serious food crisis: “world bread war has begun”

Guerra na Ucrânia afeta diretamente a cotação de commodities como o trigo. Neste ano, preço da farinha já aumentou 15,44% para o consumidor brasileiro; o pão francês subiu 9,72% e o macarrão, 15,46%.
Wheat is one of the agricultural commodities most exposed to conflict in the Eastern Europe, as both Russia and Ukraine are among the largest international exporters.| Photo: Jonathan Campos/Arquivo/Gazeta do Povo

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy, Luigi di Maio, said this Saturday (4) that the “the world bread war has already started” due to the cereal blockade in Ukraine, which prevents many vulnerable countries from having access to grain, implying “the risk of new conflicts in Africa”. The world food crisis is already considered the biggest of the last 14 years old. “The world bread war is already underway and we have to end it. We are risking political instability in Africa, the proliferation of terrorist organizations, coups d’état: this could be caused by the cereal crisis we are experiencing”, said Di Maio.

Before the war, Ukraine was one of the world’s leading exporters of agricultural cereals and fertilizers, and its products were crucial to food security in areas such as the Middle East and North Africa. Russian President Vladimir Putin “needs to reach a peace agreement as soon as possible, including a grain deal, as well as a ceasefire agreement that will allow us to evacuate women, civilians and children who were under Russian bombs in eastern Ukraine for 72 days,” he added.

“There is 15 millions of tons of grain blocked in Ukrainian ports by Russian warships. What we are doing is working so that Russia to unblock the export of wheat to Ukrainian ports, because at this moment we are at risk of new wars in Africa”, explained Di Maio.

The head of Italian diplomacy recalled that “a first session of dialogue with the Mediterranean countries on food security will be held, working with all partners together with Germany, Turkey, France and many others to achieve the objective of unlocking the amounts of wheat that must leave Ukraine”.

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