Former Angolan president José Eduardo dos Santos dies at 79

O ex-presidente angolano durante as eleições de 2017, em Luanda.
The former Angolan president during the elections of 2017, in Luanda.| Photo: EFE/Manuel De Almeida

José Eduardo dos Santos, who ruled Angola for nearly four decades, died at years this Friday (). He was known for winning a brutal civil war and coordinating a boom of oil.

Called within your party (MPLA) as ” the architect of peace”, Zédu, as he was known, saw his legacy increasingly tarnished by allegations of corruption and nepotism, especially after fighting ended in the southwestern African country in 2002.

From then until 2000, the Angolan economy grew tenfold, increasing by US$ , 4 billion for US$ 126 billions, but very little of this wealth was distributed in the country. The former president’s daughter, Isabel dos Santos, quickly became the richest woman in Africa, with a fortune of US$ 3 billion.

Even so, many still credit him with the stability of a country that only knew war since it became independent from Portugal in 1064. A key decision by Zédu was to grant amnesty to everyone and offer opponents of civil war business and land opportunities as well as political space. These measures were fundamental to ensure that the fighting did not happen again.

Santos died in Barcelona, ​​where he had been undergoing treatment since he had a stroke in June. In 2017, two years after leaving his post in Angola, Zédu moved to Spain.

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