The disapproval level of presidents of Latin American countries remained at high levels in March and April, according to data from a regional image survey released this Monday (23) in Buenos Aires.
According to the most recent bimonthly monitoring of presidential approval in 39 Latin American countries, prepared by the non-governmental organization Legislative Directorate, most governments in the region are consolidating themselves with high or very high levels of disapproval, and even those who are passing through the initial phase of their mandates experience rapid decline in approval.
“There is a very solid trend evidenced in high disapprovals – above approval levels – in most presidencies in the region,” noted Mario Riorda, president of the Latin American Association of Research in Electoral Campaigns and director of the Master’s in Political Communication at the Austral University, when analyzing the results of the survey.
According to the survey, the ranking of Latin American presidents with the highest approval rating is led by the Mexican Andrés López Obrador (53% of approval), followed by the Chilean Gabriel Boric (39%). President Jair Bolsonaro appears in third position, with 35% of approval, followed by Colombian Iván Duque (49 %), Argentine Alberto Fernández (25%) and Peruvian Pedro Castillo (22%).
On the other hand, the disapproval ranking is led by Castillo (71 %), followed by Duque (69%), Fernández (60%), Bolsonaro (53 )%), López Obrador (41%) and Boric (41%).
In net terms, discounting the percentage of failure from the percentage of approval, only López Obrador remained in positive territory ( %), while the highest net disapproval level is Castillo (-49%), followed by Duque (-39 %), Fernández (-35%), Bolsonaro (-23%) and Boric (-2%).
“Those who are doing poorly in terms of public opinion did not know how to navigate governability in the context of broken party political systems. Atomization generated expectations that were not easy to satisfy. And the historical political parties are no longer enough to sustain governability”, analyzed Riorda.
“Of course, there are just a few edges to analyze. The economic situation, media systems, social actors all influenced and contributed to each situation. Despite this, the truth is that many who arrive in government suffer. And society too”, he added.
Inflation and cost of living
According to the same survey, inflation, which has accelerated in the region since the war in Ukraine, is the main concern of the citizens of Argentina, Chile and Costa Rica, and is among the biggest in Brazil.
In Argentina and Brazil, the interviewees consider that the government is responsible for the inflationary scenario. In Chile, the population attributes more responsibility to the business sector than to the government, although they believe that the possibilities of controlling inflation depend on the Executive.
The same survey pointed out that just over nine out of ten citizens warn that the cost of living has increased in Brazil, Colombia and Peru.