After Congress became the main point of friction with former Chancellor Ernesto Araújo, parliamentarians celebrated the minister’s departure on Monday (29). They did signal, however, that they would continue to press to avoid giving Itamaraty’s post an ideological name.
Ernesto resigned after pressure from the top congressional summit, which accused him of failing to fight the pandemic. Now the legislature expects the Chancellor’s replacement to be a name seen as non-ideological – the former minister was an outspoken admirer of the writer Olavo de Carvalho, a guru of Bolonarianism.
The leader of the largest bench in the Senate, Eduardo Braga (MDB-AM), says he awaits the official government demonstration confirming Ernesto’s departure, but adds that it will be important to choose a new name that takes up the principles of Brazilian foreign reports.
“I think it is more important to know who will be the new chancellor than to comment on his departure. We need a Chancellor who can take our external relations a constructive path and who overcomes vaccine-related problems, ”Braga told Folha. “Regarding the ideological question, I think there is no place for these questions in international diplomacy. Ernesto doesn’t matter. The important thing is Brazil, not Ernesto. And I hope that Brazil is right to choose the new chancellor. “
The Senate has become the main point of friction with Ernesto. The most recent episode, seen as the trigger for the exit, was a post on the ex-minister’s social media, in which he implicates a link between the House and the Chinese lobby via 5G, which he says , was at the origin of the pressure to bring it.
Ernesto had previously been the target of big claims, such as accusations of lack of capacity and resignations, when he took part in a Senate session on Wednesday last week. Back then, not even government leaders in Congress came to his defense. Ernesto’s departure therefore brought together members of the government and the opposition, in a movement rarely seen in Congress.
The leader of the PL in the Senate, a support group for the Bolsonaro government, Carlos Portinho (PL-RJ), celebrated the departure. “I thought it was great that he left. I was not impressed just to hear it in the Senate. Bad oratory. I imagine in another language how it should be. You can see he was a terrible interlocutor, ”he said.
Citizenship leader Alessandro Vieira (Cidadania-SE) said Ernesto was not ready to be chancellor, resulting in losses for the country. “Minister Ernesto has never shown the capacity to occupy such an important chair. Unprepared and with radical positions, he caused serious damage to the country, especially in the geopolitical dispute over vaccines, ”he said.
If he also celebrates the departure of the minister, the opposition emphasizes that the person responsible for the “diplomatic catastrophe” is also President Jair Bolsonaro. “He arrived [para a sessão no Senado] under fire from opposition parliamentarians and even some who vote in agreement with the government, but in the end, the impression that remains is that Bolsonaro washes his hands and serves his minister’s head on a plate of money, ”said Minority Leader Senator Jean Paul Prates (PT-RN).
“The fry of the Minister of Foreign Affairs is obvious. He was presented as the culprit of the hour for the delay and lack of vaccines in the country. That Araújo is a diplomatic disaster, no one denies it. But he is the goat that they put in the room so that the others do not pay for the sin to be atoned for. If Brazil does not have vaccines, Bolsonaro is responsible, ”he added.
In a note, the PSDB said that the former chancellor, instead of defending urgent Brazilian interests, such as finding a vaccine or improving foreign trade, “preferred to use the foreign ministry as spokesperson for ideological and political deviations. paranoid part of the supporters of the current president “.
“In practice, his leadership helped isolate us from the most relevant countries in the world. He wanted to turn Brazil into an ‘outcast’, but he went further and made us a global disgrace,” said the left.
In the hemicycle, the departure of the minister was also celebrated. For MP Fausto Pinato (PP-SP), the exchange represents the victory of a battle, but not of the “war against the disinformation machine led by [deputado] Eduardo Bolsonaro ”. “The fake news that attacks the Supreme [Tribunal Federal], the media and members of Congress and who lead the disinformation that has killed people in Brazil and that has killed Brazil’s diplomatic relations with other countries must be stopped, because this olavista and extremist virus is even more deadly than Covid because he kills people and wants to kill Brazilian democracy.
Member of the House’s External Relations Committee, MP Rodrigo Agostinho (PSB-SP) said that the former chancellor “has tarnished the image and history of Brazilian diplomacy”. “It was late and he won’t fail. Let the government not put another madman in place. “
MP Marcel Van Hattem (Novo-RS), who is also part of the collegiate church, said he hoped the new chancellor’s goal would be to find solutions to the pandemic. “Whether it is by acquiring vaccines from other countries, or by releasing so that municipalities and states can also make purchases, which are currently facing difficulties,” he said.
He defended a closer relationship between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Health to “assess these cases and unlock these purchases, because the more people there are vaccinated, the better”.
In addition, Van Hattem also wants the minister to help defend immunization through purchases from the private sector itself. “I think that in the context of the pandemic, this is the main thing the minister can do, without neglecting other areas as well,” he added. “To maintain stable and fruitful diplomatic relations with all countries of the world, in particular those which have good trade relations with Brazil, and, where this is not the case, to defend as much as possible the opening of the market and commercial freedom. “
MP Reinhold Stephanes Junior (PSD-PR), also a member of the committee, believes that the decision to leave Itamaraty was “a noble act of the minister”. “Because he had the president’s support and in my opinion he did a good job. It is not a question of creating embarrassment for the government, because a climate has been created against it.
For him, the minister who must assume will be aligned with the country’s foreign policy and will be moderate. “It won’t be someone with a leftist ideology, with a market foreclosure, he won’t be coming back to the country anytime soon,” he said. “He will have a policy of openness to trade with the main world powers.”