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Cities should have the power to decide what to do with their own money

The idea of ​​democracy today faces a great threat: arbitrary regulation through the interference of legal authorities. At any moment, someone important can feel mortally indignant because a non-existent rule was not obeyed by the elected authorities, and then put the Public Ministry in the middle, or who knows, go straight to the STF. In general, this non-existent rule concerns either progressivism or the fight against corruption. Thus, at one time the non-existent crime of fatphobia is denounced here, at another time an “inappropriate” expenditure of public resources there.

I believe that, in this last question, the most common is to attack the Catholic-themed works. Every now and then, ATEA sues a municipality that is building a public religious work. Their assumption is that every statue with a religious theme is something strictly confessional and limited to a single religion, and that the role of the State is to spend money only on what everyone agrees on – something that invalidates the very idea of ​​election, since the opposition will always think that the government is spending money the wrong way.

Adopting this mentality – according to which all spending has to be consensual and everything that is not secular offends atheists -, I I should argue that I’m an atheist, so I don’t participate in the São João party, so the municipalities in the Northeast are offending me, personally, when they decorate the streets with June flags and prepare parties. And it wouldn’t matter that the northeastern municipality didn’t have a single atheist: what matters is not hurting the susceptibility of the ATEA atheist who is locked up in a condominium in the capital of São Paulo, taking antidepressants while tirelessly preaching Dawkins’ word on the internet. Democracy does not have to serve the citizens; you have to attend to him.

The case of Gusttavo Lima’s shows

According to )Correio, on Friday of last week, people in the city of Teolândia, Bahia, closed the BR-101 to protest against the decision of judge Luana Paladino, who on Friday had decided that the XVI Banana Festival was cancelled: “the judge also established a fine corresponding to twice the value of the contract in case of non-compliance. It also determined that Coelba immediately suspend the supply of electricity to the places that were scheduled to receive the shows and that the sound equipment that would be used be sealed ”. The MP had triggered the Judiciary with a partially budgetary reasoning: “Rita de Cássia Pires He also pointed out that the expenses for the event would be higher than 40% of all health expenditure carried out in Teolândia throughout the year of 2021. Five attractions reach or exceed the amount of R$ 100 thousand: Gusttavo Lima (R$ 704 ) thousand), Unha Pintada (R$ 704 thousand), Adelmário Coelho (R$ 116 thousand) , Marcynho Sensação (R$ 110 thousand) and Kevy Jonny and Banda (R$ 116 thousand)”. The other reason listed seems relevant to me, which is that the value of the party almost coincides with the money sent by the federal government because of the rains that hit the region. Even so, the city hall is innocent until proven guilty.

Neither the Correio nor the Folha de S. Paulo (which also covered the matter) mentions any law related to the proportionality of expenses. The Federal Constitution, yes, ties a lot of budgetary obligations, which the liberal consensus until yesterday believed to be a bad thing. The fact that the show costs 40% of the municipal health budget doesn’t tell me anything. Does Teolândia, with its 15 thousand inhabitants, have a specialized treatment center that justifies very high expenses? Because anyone knows that in the countryside there is no expectation of always being served in their own city. A good state government disperses hospital centers in cities of medium demography and transforms them into centers of regional care (remember that the territory of Bahia is a little larger than France and much less populated). The health of Teolândia must consist of a clinic and transport of patients. Who elected the MP’s attorney to determine a proportionality between spending on parties and spending on health?

Gusttavo Lima came under the spotlight because of criticism of Rouanet. It is a mistake to put the Rouanet concerts in the same basket as the city hall concerts. After all, Rouanet is a tax exemption. Being given to entrepreneurs in the showbusiness branch, every unprofitable character it could have goes to waste, because someone like Ivete Sangalo takes the money tax exemption and does shows with expensive tickets in the same way. )On the other hand, city halls do not sell tickets. Let’s think: how many people in Teolândia would be able to move to a large center and pay a ticket to a concert by Gusttavo Lima? Dividing the R$ 706 thousand by the 40 thousand inhabitants, there is a cost per capita of BRL 100. A show of his that will take place in Votorantin, São Paulo, this Saturday, charges an entrance fee of R$ 116. If I were a fan of Gusttavo Lima from Teolândia, I would burn tires on BR-101 too.

A defense put forward by supporters of the show’s maintenance is that the Banana Festival moves the city’s economy. And it’s true: given the ubiquity of Gusttavo Lima’s songs throughout Bahia (the people make n re-recordings of him and Marília Mendonça in arrocha version), it’s It is to be expected that the population of neighboring cities will flock to the Banana Festival – and drive the price per capita even lower. And that can help the city recover economically from the rains, attracting money from tourists. But the fundamental thing is that cities must have the power to decide what to do with their own money.

Why does the State have public health? Well, because citizens alone cannot buy a radiotherapy device and take it home. The idea of ​​public health was consolidated with the advancement of medicine and its consequent increase in price. The state is there to provide this sort of thing. The State has libraries because it understands that books are good things, and it makes sense to buy a lot to give access to the entire population. Public concerts follow this logic.

In the case of small municipalities, every mayor is a bit of a trustee; he is watched over by the population. If a mayor hired one of these sealing artists who live off public notices, the people would already want to know who the unknown is. And when the lacrador artist started screaming on stage that Jesus is a fag or whatever, the political death of the mayor would be decreed.

Parana controversy

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For me, it looks like this: city halls fund popular festivals, state and federal governments take care of preserving and spreading the highest or most traditional culture. Rouanet remains, but with more criteria; no giving money to famous artists to charge expensive tickets. Large cities would also need to ensure that municipal shows were taken into account and not captured by cliques of psolists. I have criticized the current cultural management of the pair of tweeters that occupies the Secretariat of Culture in this space a few times. In one of them, I commented that Bahia PT, which is stingy with culture, does very well to spend a little money on Neojibá, a project that emerged during the Jaques Wagner government, inspired by Maestro Dudamel from Venezuela, which consists of taking classical music to the peripheries. and hunt for musical talents there. Now, it is clear that this was not lightning in a blue sky, and the PT was able to maintain Bahia’s previous history of preserving high culture.

In this type of debate, every now and then appears whoever puts an absolutely inflexible division between popular and erudite cultures. In the case of the twitter duo, it would only be up to the State to give money to the popular, condemning a child born in the favela to die listening only to funk . Now I discover that, for the Paraná left, people from the countryside cannot listen to a symphony orchestra without traveling, and that symphony orchestras cannot play popular music. The controversy from Paraná considers that “by making the Paraná Symphony Orchestra adopt a sertanejo repertoire, the government takes another step in the dismantling of culture in the state”!

The columnist Rogério Galindo is against the orchestras playing the sertanejo and personally blames Carlos Prazeres for having agreed to embark on this mission of “dismantling” the Bolsonarista culture. Now, Carlos Prazeres is conductor of the Symphony Orchestra of Bahia, well known by the population of Salvador. I’ve never bothered to look for his political guidance, but it’s not hard to find out that he’s on the left. Point to Ratinho Jr., who looked for an experienced conductor regardless of political orientation.

The mixture of classical and popular music is one of the most ingrained things in Brazil. It is not possible to frame Villa Lobos as erudite or popular. Chiquinha Gonzaga, too. Tom Jobim is another who transits through both areas. But the tantrum against country music played by an orchestra only shows that the columnist must have no idea who Sivuca is. If you have not already done so, I recommend that the reader listen to the CD “Sivuca Sinfônico”, in which the skilled accordionist from Paraíba, composer of “João e Maria” (famous in the voice of Chico Buarque), plays his own and other people’s songs with the Orchestra Recife Symphony. No, nobody thinks that Luiz Gonzaga needs an erudite stamp to be respectable – and I don’t think that Renato Teixeira, quoted in Galindo’s article, needs it either. And just because I think Renato Teixeira’s music is beautiful, I believe that Carlos Prazeres has done a beautiful job. It shocks me that the Paraná left considers it worthy to cultivate jazz, a foreign popular music, and disdain the sertanejo.

The columnist assumes that the people will like the symphonic version, but that giving it to the people is still wrong. Moving an orchestra is expensive and orchestras must play only classical music. I already think that transporting a symphony orchestra within the state is a good way to spend the money of the Aldir Blanc Law. And if this is such a novelty, I also believe that playing country music in a public square is a good way to introduce citizens to classical music. Furthermore, from what I know of Bahian rice and beans, I highly doubt that Carlos Prazeres has not played any erudite author in concerts in Paraná.

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