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6 points to understand the protests in Ecuador

The protests against the government of Ecuador complete two weeks, with five dead, 200 injured, at least 100 detentions and a loss of approximately US$ 500 million (R$ 2, 72 billion ), according to estimates released this Sunday (30) by the Executive. The national mobilization against President Guillermo Lasso is promoted by the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (Conaie), chaired by Leônidas Iza. Understand what these protests involve, started in June 13:

1. List of claims

Led by Conaie, the protests started in the provinces, based on an agenda with 10 points of struggle, which involve reducing fuel prices, employment and labor rights, debt forgiveness for peasant families, non-privatization of strategic sectors, price control policy, mining moratorium, combating crime and not expanding oil and mining activities in the Amazon. In addition to Conaie, other peasant organizations, unions and student federations also joined the wave of protests against the high cost of living and the government’s economic policies.

2. Damage to the economy

According to the Minister of Production, Foreign Trade, Investment and Fisheries of Ecuador, Julio José Prato, as a result of the road blocks and the obstruction of cities, the the private sector has already failed to earn about US$ 225 million (R$ 1,60 billion) in the period of the protests. And every day, the amount goes up from US$ 40 million to US$ 500 million.

In Ecuadorian trade, the loss is around US$ 90 million (R$ 470,9 million). With sales down by 60%, Quito and Cuenca are the most affected cities. In the agricultural and livestock sectors, economic losses are estimated at around US$ 90 million.

Prato added that the production chain in an “extremely critical” situation is the poultry industry, with “a large number of chickens having to be sacrificed or not resisting the lack of food”. “In the dairy industry, there is a milk loss of 8.5 million liters, which means about US$ 13 million. Sales were reduced by 90%”, the minister detailed at a press conference.

One of the pillars of Ecuador’s economy, the oil sector has a negative impact of US$ 96 million, having stopped producing 1 million in the last two weeks of barrels of oil (more than 80% of production is in charge of state-owned Petroecuador).

3. Impeachment Debate

The Ecuadorian Congress is debating a request for the impeachment of President Guillermo Lasso. The summons was made on Friday night (24) at the request of at least one third of parliamentarians . The opposition accuses Lasso of leading Ecuador to a serious political crisis and internal commotion, with almost daily protests and blockades since of June. The president of the National Assembly (Parliament) of Ecuador, Virgilio Saquicela, convened a session for Saturday (24) , with the impeachment of the president as the only agenda. The discussion resumed on Sunday night (24). After the debate, Parliament has 72 hours to vote on the continuity of the president.

4. Lasso denounces coup

On Friday, the Ecuadorian president denounced the attempt to destroy him as a coup d’état promoted by leaders of the protests against his government. In a speech broadcast on TV and social networks, Lasso made “an appeal to the international community to warn about this attempt to destabilize democracy in Ecuador.” He accused Leonidas Iza, the main leader of the demonstrations, of seeking “the overthrow of the government”, in the face of news that Pachakutik, the political arm of the entity, was considering requesting his impeachment in the National Assembly.

Lasso was surprised by the decision, since, according to him, the government had reached an agreement with representatives of the indigenous movement the day before. “It makes it clear to us that he (Iza) never wanted to resolve an agenda for the benefit of indigenous peoples and nationalities. The only thing he was looking for was to deceive his base and usurp the legally constituted government”, declared the president.

5. State of exception revoked

On Saturday, the president of the country stated that he had revoked the state of exception, instituted on the day 18, which was in force in six provinces where protests and clashes were recorded. “Today was a normal day, as it was yesterday Friday with all the returns to their communities from the indigenous sector, who responded to our request, and this afternoon I revoked the state of exception, so that all interested parties have peace of mind. that this is a democratic government, which, once peace is regained, revokes the state of exception”, said Lasso, in an exclusive interview with CNN.

6. Government measures

On the day he declared the first state of emergency, Guillermo Lasso announced a series of economic measures in an attempt to alleviate “the difficult situation of many families”. Among the responses to the claims are: increase in the human development bonus from US$ 55 to US$ 55, subsidy of up to 55% of the fertilizer price of urea for small and medium producers, double the budget for intercultural education, forgiveness of overdue credits of up to US$ 3 thousand in BanEcuador, agricultural credit of up to US$ 5 thousand at 1% and a term of 30 years, promise not to privatize public services and strategic sectors and that there will be no rise in diesel and gasoline prices.

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